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Course description
  ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PROTECTED MARINE AREAS AND ARTIFICIAL REEFS

Competencies and objectives

 

Course context for academic year 2012-13

 

La última mitad del siglo XX se ha caracterizado por un profundo impacto sobre los recursos vivos y el ambiente costero, resultado del acusado incremento de la presión demográfica sobre las áreas próximas al litoral, y la necesidad de proteínas marinas lo que potenció las flotas pesqueras de determinados países. La escasa o nula planificación de la presión humana ha supuesto un agotamiento progresivo de caladeros y fuertes impactos sobre el medio marino (sobreexplotación de los recursos vivos, reclamación de tierras, contaminación, drenaje de zonas húmedas, etc.) y un desarrollo incontrolado del turismo. Ello ha planteado la urgente necesidad de una ordenación y conservación de los recursos marinos que deben basarse en: i) un mejor conocimiento del ambiente marino; ii) la protección y conservación de sus recursos; iii) una gestión responsable de los mismos; y iv) la información y educación de la sociedad sobre los temas de protección y gestión marinas. A tal fin, se han desarrollado una serie de medidas que intentan evitar en lo posible esta degradación y sobreexplotación, muchas veces más como buenas intenciones que efectivas. Ello ha permitido nuevos conceptos de gestión que reconoce la interdependencia entre desarrollo y conservación. Entre dichas medidas podemos citar: control de la contaminación (p.e. el Programa MARPOL); ordenación de las pesquerías (limitación del esfuerzo pesquero, mallas, tallas mínimas, cuotas, zonas de veda temporal o permanente, etc.); evaluación del impacto ambiental de la actividad y posible restauración del ambiente; y ordenación de la zona costero-marina;, entre cuyas actuaciones se encuentran el fondeo de arrecifes artificiales y el establecimiento de áreas marinas protegidas.

 

 

Course content (verified by ANECA in official undergraduate and Master’s degrees)

General Competences (CG)

  • CG1 : Understand the working, structure and dynamics of Mediterranean ecosystems, both terrestrial and marine, as well as those areas traditionally worked to exploit their resources.
  • CG10 : Oral and written communication skills in Spanish. Capacity to prepare and defend scientific research projects.
  • CG2 : Understand and value the diversity of all living things in every sense, not only referring to other organisms but also to social and cultural diversity.
  • CG3 : Be able to design and develop sustainable strategies for managing Mediterranean ecosystems, both in protected natural areas and in areas of anthropic influence.
  • CG4 : Evaluate global change, analysing the speed of the processes and the changes related to human activity in the region.
  • CG5 : Use current technologies and methods to solve environmental problems, including genomic-proteomic analysis or organisms and remote sensor technology.
  • CG6 : Develop the ability for multidisciplinary work in teams including specialists in different environmentally-related fields.
  • CG7 : Be able to solve environmental problems related to business and public administration activities.
  • CG8 : Oral and written communication skills in English.
  • CG9 : Computer tool and information and communication technology skills, as well as accessing online databases, including scientific bibliographies, patent and legislation databases.

 

Specific Competences:>>Mediterranean Ecosystem Analysis Module

  • AEM1 : Understand the interaction processes between mankind and the environment that generate and maintain landscapes. Know how to apply Geographic Information Systems to identify and quantify landscape patterns and infer the processes leading to them.
  • AEM10 : Be able to propose recovery strategies, integrating demographic and genetic and habitat management processes. Evaluate the status of the ecosystems and any possible restoration strategies.
  • AEM11 : Understand the ecotechnological applications that could be applied in each case and their limitations.
  • AEM12 : Understand the main taxonomic groups of indicator species and communities in the marine environment.
  • AEM13 : Apply exploitation and perturbation indicators to practical cases.
  • AEM14 : Be able to use marine communities as environmental assessment tools. Recognise and assess the impact of fishing and aquaculture, building work, desalination and wastewater dumping on the marine environment.
  • AEM15 : Propose measures for the recovery and restoration of marine ecosystems.
  • AEM16 : Understand and know how to apply waste disposal legislation. Capacity to prepare proposals for protected marine areas.
  • AEM17 : Design, the structure, distribution and characteristics of artificial reefs.
  • AEM18 : Manage an aquaculture installation using ecological and organic criteria.
  • AEM19 : Capacity to carry out the environmental monitoring of benthic and pelagic communities, as well as of the physicochemical characteristics of the water.
  • AEM2 : Understand Soil Biology and Ecology and its implications for plant health and the working of terrestrial ecosystems.
  • AEM20 : Be able to use the useful models for estimating survival, mortality and life expectancy of exploited marine populations. Evaluate the models available for managing marine resources and their usefulness in specific cases.
  • AEM21 : Identify the physical coastal processes affecting littoral dynamics. Propose interventions in the littoral environment to recover degraded areas and/or prevent future damage.
  • AEM22 : Be able to use analytical and molecular technologies and methods that are useful for analysing environmental samples in ecosystems.
  • AEM23 : Identify the most important pathogens of marine crops. Understand the strategies for the sustainable control of Mediterranean crop pathogens.
  • AEM24 : Understand the ecological basis of antagonism and biological control mechanisms on a molecule, cell and ecosystem scale. Understand the strategies of biological control agents and their handling techniques.
  • AEM3 : Solve problems related soil biotics.
  • AEM4 : Identify the types of forest soils and the conditions that generate them.
  • AEM5 : Be able to identify the conditioning factors of soil regarding the vegetation that can grow there, as well as the vocation of soil uses.
  • AEM6 : Develop models for changes in soil use and plant cover. Understand the processes that determine changes in vegetation and ecological succession.
  • AEM7 : Understand the importance of hydrological flows in the working of woodland.
  • AEM8 : Understand the flows of nutrients in woodland ecosystems and their implications for management.
  • AEM9 : Understand the importance of the spatial organisation of populations and its implications in their dynamics. Identify and evaluate the conservation problems of threatened species.

 

 

 

Learning outcomes (Training objectives)

No data

 

 

Specific objectives stated by the academic staff for academic year 2012-13

 

Conocer la teoría y práctica asociada con la utilización de estructuras artificiales en el medio marincomo mecanismo de reducción y mitigación de impactos y potenciación de pesquerías. Diseñar su estructura, distribución y características. Analizar los impactos positivos y negativos de las estructuras diseñadas. Conocer los criterios de diseño y ordenación de las áreas marinas protegidas. Conocer los impactos directos e indirectos de la protección. Establecer pautas para la resolución de casos prácticos.

 

 

General

Code: 35613
Lecturer responsible:
BAYLE SEMPERE, JUST TOMAS
Credits ECTS: 3,00
Theoretical credits: 0,40
Practical credits: 0,80
Distance-base hours: 1,80

Departments involved

  • Dept: MARINE SCIENCES AND APPLIED BIOLOGY
    Area: ZOOLOGY
    Theoretical credits: 0,4
    Practical credits: 0,8
    This Dept. is responsible for the course.
    This Dept. is responsible for the final mark record.

Study programmes where this course is taught