Faculties and centres
Biochemistry is a basic subject in the Nursing Bachelor’s Degree, whose main purpose is to provide an overview about the nature and function of the key biomolecules in the human body. In addition, this subject also determines the relationship between chemical, molecular and genetic basis of biological processes. Also, the course includes basic content about the molecular alterations that cause the most common pathologies. Throughout the history of this scientific discipline, biochemists have worked to uncover the fundamental chemical and physical principles underlying the processes of living beings, and together with clinical disciplines have elucidated the molecular mechanisms which cause many pathological conditions. Therefore, this discipline sets out the basis for the need of knowledge to identify these processes and to understand other subjects included in this Bachelor’s Degree as for example Pharmacology, Anatomy and Physiology.
General Competences of the Degree Course (CG):>>Common basic training module
Specific transversal competences of the degree course :>>Foreign language proficiency
Specific transversal competences of the degree course :>>IT and information competences
Specific transversal competences of the degree course:>>Oral and written communication competences
- To give an overview of the concept of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and set the axioms of molecular logic of the cells.
- To describe the physical and chemical properties of water, as most abundant molecule in the body. To know the diseases associated with alterations in the water and ion metabolism.
- To know the pH concept and its physiological implication.
- To distinguish levels of protein structure, and analyze the tridimensional structure of these biomolecules.
- To establish the relationship between the structure and function of proteins as main molecular machinery to develop cellular and intercellular physiological functions.
- To describe the role of blood proteins and their alterations in certain pathologies.
- To know the characteristics of biological catalyst, its functions in the body and the most common pathological conditions related to alteration of enzymes.
- To understand the meaning of the kinetic parameters of an enzyme.
- To understand the basis of enzyme therapy and protein markers.
- To identify the main characteristics of the carbohydrates and the diseases related with their metabolism.
- To describe the lipid composition, its function in the human body and their properties in the cell membranes.
- To stablish the nature of different transport mechanisms through membranes.
- To differentiate the structure and function of hormones and neurotransmitters.
- To recognise the basis of signal transduction cascade.
- To know the nature and function of nucleic acids.
- To explain the denaturation and renaturation process of the nucleic acids.
- To know the characteristics of telomers in the lineal eukaryotic chromosomes.
- To describe the concept of mutation and enumerate the DNA repair mechanisms. To explain the pathologies related to genetic material.
- To explain the general concepts of nucleic acid metabolism.
- To describe in detail the characteristics of the genetic code.
- To study the applications of molecular biology in the clinic.
- To know the role of the ATP in the energetic metabolism.
- To understand the metabolism concept and the main mechanism involved in their regulation.
- To understand the principal pathways related to glucose and other monosaccharides and their regulation.
- To know the role that presents the TCA cycle as interconnection between different metabolisms.
- To be familiar with the cellular respiration and oxidative processes that produce energy.
- To get an overview of lipid metabolism.
- To learn the process by which the lipid produces energy, which the body uses to carry out its metabolic functions.
- To get an overview of the metabolism of nitrogen compounds: amino acids, nucleotides and urea.
- To connect the metabolism pathologies with common diseases.
- To recognise biomolecules for their use in the clinical diagnosis and monitoring of diseases
- To use the findings of scientific research in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology for the interpretation of pathological disorders.
- To be able to interpret, process and synthesise data and information in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology