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Course description
  VISUAL SYSTEM ANATOMY AND HUMAN

Competencies and objectives

 

Course context for academic year 2019-20

Anatomy constitutes the basis of medical practice and, by extension, of many other health science disciplines. It is essential to have a thorough anatomical understanding in order to identify and interpret situations of pathology and disease in the human body or in any of its organ systems. Observation and visualisation are the primary techniques the student must use to learn Anatomy, as they are the fundamentals of a proper physical examination, either directly or using modern imaging techniques.

Given the profile of the optician optometrist as a healthcare professional, he/she must be able to perform tasks that benefit the health and wellbeing of people's eyes, including the prevention of visual system diseases and the exchange of information with other healthcare professionals. To acquire the relevant skills, it is first necessary to gain a basic knowledge of the human body and specifically of the visual system, which the subject "Human and visual system Anatomy" provides. It is a 6 ECTS core subject, with a total workload of 150 hours, including contact hours (lectures, practice, seminars, etc.) and self-study.

"Human and visual system Anatomy" is taught in the first semester of the first year of the Degree. As a core subject, it is related to other core and compulsory subjects of the syllabus, whose timing must be precisely and coherently coordinated to ensure the acquisition of professional skills for a Graduate in Optics and Optometry. Thus, "Human and visual system Anatomy" is closely related to other first-year subjects, such as "Biochemistry", "Biology" and "Human and visual system Physiology". All of them, globally, offer an integrated vision of the human body organisation and function. "Human and visual system Anatomy" is related, as well, with other subjects taught in later years, such as "Pathology of the human visual system", "Ocular Pathology and public health", "Visual optics", "Optometry" or "Contactology".

 

 

 

Course content (verified by ANECA in official undergraduate and Master’s degrees)

Specific competences (CE):>>Module 1: basic competences

  • CES21 : Understand and manage basic laboratory material and techniques.
  • CES4 : Understand cell structure.
  • CES5 : Understand embryonic development and organogenesis. Determine the development of the visual system.
  • CES6 : Use macroscopic and microscopic methods to recognise the morphology and structure of human body tissues, organs and systems.
  • CES7 : Use macroscopic and microscopic methods to understand and describe the structures making up the visual system and the ocular annexes.

 

 

 

Learning outcomes (Training objectives)

No data

 

 

Specific objectives stated by the academic staff for academic year 2019-20

THEORY OBJECTIVES

  • To indicate the planes and axes of the standard anatomical reference position and the terms of movement.
  • To describe the parts, regions, and cavities that constitute the human body, their locations and anatomical relationships with system organs.
  • To define the morphological characteristics of human embryonic development during embryogenesis, histogenesis, organogenesis and fetal development.
  • To establish the general anatomical concepts that define the osteology, arthrology, myology, angiology, and neurology.
  • To describe the macroscopic overall structure of the respiratory, immune, endocrine, digestive, urinary, reproductive and tegumentary systems.
  • To explain the embryonic origin of each anatomical structure that forms the eye and the ocular annexes.
  • To represent in a drawing and explain the topographic anatomy and anthropometry of the human vision organ.
  • To detail the location, relationships, shape and dimensions of the anatomical structures that form the walls and contents of the bony orbit.
  • To specify the general microscopic morphological characteristics of the layers of the eyeball wall and its topographical relations.
  • To define the general macroscopic morphological ocular contents (refracting media) and their topographical relationships.
  • To represent in a schematic drawing the spatial location of the eyeball extrinsic muscles and their relationships to other anatomical structures of the orbit.
  • To describe the macroscopic characteristics, location and anatomical relationships of the ocular annexes: eyebrows, eyelids, conjunctiva and lacrimal apparatus (gland and excretory tracts).
  • To explain the fundamental concepts of the functional neuroanatomy of the visual centers and pathways.

PRACTICE OBJECTIVES

  • To identify and describe the organogenesis in embryonic development of the human body in general and visual system, in particular, using full-scale anatomical models, images, videos, and electronic resources.
  • To identify and describe the components of the osteoarticular and locomotor systems and organs located in topographic regions of the human body using full-scale anatomical models, images, videos, and electronic resources. 
  • To identify the skull bones that form the orbital cavity, the different parts of the eye, the ocular annexes and the visual pathways in full-scale anatomical models and images.
  • To dissect an animal eyeball and to identify the macroscopic parts in it using the appropriate laboratory equipment. 
  • To acquire the ability to use the information and communication technologies for the morphological study of the human body and to perform oral presentations. 

 

 

General

Code: 24010
Lecturer responsible:
GOMEZ VICENTE, MARIA VIOLETA
Credits ECTS: 6,00
Theoretical credits: 1,20
Practical credits: 1,20
Distance-base hours: 3,60

Departments involved

  • Dept: OPTICS, PHARMACOLOGY AND ANATOMY
    Area: HUMAN ANATOMY AND EMBRIOLOGY
    Theoretical credits: 1,2
    Practical credits: 1,2
    This Dept. is responsible for the course.
    This Dept. is responsible for the final mark record.

Study programmes where this course is taught