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Every autonomous system, be it a robot or an automation system, requires obtaining information from its own environment to make decisions. This information is obtained by perception systems, which include multiple sensors capable of obtaining that information. The sense that more information provides to the human being is the view. It is the main perception system for the human being, and also for an autonomous system. From this perception system it is possible to acquire images of one or several objects in a scene that, processed and segmented conveniently, allow to extract characteristics that can be used to identify and recognize what objects are in the scene, or whether they have defects or not or anomalies. The subject tries to describe the vision systems, ranging from the acquisition of the image to its processing in order to obtain useful features of the scene that allow the automatic control of any system, or simply the monitoring, inspection or recognition of elements of its environment. In addition, throughout the course other types of sensory systems used in robotics and automation are described that allow to equip these systems with intelligence.
UA Basic Transversal Competences