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Plan de estudios: DEGREE IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY
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DEGREE IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY

Code:
 C056

Credits:
 240
 
Publication date:
 22/03/2012

Title:
 Undergraduate 3-5 years (ECTS)
 
Fee:
 23,85
 Créditos en 1ª matrícula
 

FIELD OF STUDY

Health Sciences

SYLLABUS

DEGREE IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY

TYPE OF EDUCATION

Face-to-face

LANGUAGE / S THAT IS OFFERED

Spanish

CENTRES WHERE IT IS TAUGHT

Faculty of Science

PROGRAMME JOINTLY SHARED WITH

Only taught at this university

EXAMINATION DATES

Enter the list of examination dates for this graduate programme.

SYLLABUS OFFERED

Initial node:
 

Legend: Not offeredNo teaching
FIRST YEAR
54 credits
 
6 credits
 
Year
Title
Credits
Subject
 
BRIDGING COURSE FOR DIPLOMA HOLDERS
36 credits
 
Year
Title
Credits
Subject
1 credits
 
 
Once this block is approved, you get
DEGREE IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY
SECOND YEAR
6 credits
 
Year
Title
Credits
Subject
54 credits
 
Year
Title
Credits
Subject
 
THIRD YEAR
FOURTH YEAR
42 credits
 
Year
Title
Credits
Subject
18 credits
 
 
 
 
Once this block is approved, you get
DEGREE IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY

 

AIMS


The Optician/Optometrist profession is largely related to health care; as stated in the General Health Care Act governing health care professionals (LOPS) of 21st November 2003, the work of an Optician/Optometrist consists of: “developing ways of detecting defects in ocular refraction… to the use of re-education, prevention and visual hygiene techniques, to the adaptation… of useful optics”. Thus, the Optician/Optometrist must be capable of undertaking duties which benefit the visual health and wellbeing of people, including the prevention of diseases in the ocular system and the exchange of information with other professionals in the healthcare sector. However, in addition to these fundamental aspects, the profession also includes experimental aspects: in relation to the professional duties of an Optician/Optometrist, the General Health Care Act in Spain of 21st November 2003 also states : “through instrumental measures,…, to the adaptation, verification and control of optical aids”.

The foregoing explains the high proportion of health-related subjects included in the Degree course, enabling the graduate to attend to patients in areas such as primary visual health care, visual rehabilitation and the production of contact lenses, and also explains the high percentage of experimental subjects, enabling the graduate to acquire the necessary skills to operate optical instrumentation, to assemble and control ophthalmic lenses and frames, and to handle and assemble visual aids.

COMPETENCES


General Competences (CG)

  • CG1:Capacity for analysis and synthesis.
  • CG2:Capacity for organisation and planning.
  • CG3:Capacity to solve problems.
  • CG4:Capacity to make decisions.
  • CG5:Capacity for teamwork.
  • CG6:Capacity for working in interdisciplinary teams.
  • CG7:Capacity for working in an international context.
  • CG8:Capacity to relate to others in the same or different professional field.
  • CG9:Ability to recognise diversity and multiculturalism.
  • CG10:Capacity for critical reasoning.
  • CG11:Regard ethics and intellectual integrity as essential values in one's professional practice.
  • CG12:Capacity for autonomous learning.
  • CG13:Creativity.
  • CG14:Have leadership skills.
  • CG15:Possess knowledge of other cultures and customs.
  • CG16:Possess initiative and an entrepreneurial spirit.
  • CG17:Motivation for quality.
  • CG18:Capacity to adapt to new situations.

General Competences acquired at University of Alicante (CGUA)

  • CGUA1:Understand and express oneself in a foreign language in one's discipline, especially English.
  • CGUA2:Ability to manage information and knowledge in one's discipline, including knowing how to use basic ICT tools at user level.
  • CGUA3:Ability to communicate correctly, both orally and in writing, in one's discipline.

Specific competences (CE):

    Module 1: basic competences

    • CES1:Understand the behaviour of fluids and surface phenomena.
    • CES2:Understand undulatory phenomena on the basis of oscillations and mechanical waves.
    • CES3:Understand electrical and magnetic fields to electromagnetic fields and electromagnetic waves.
    • CES4:Understand cell structure.
    • CES5:Understand embryonic development and organogenesis. Determine the development of the visual system.
    • CES6:Use macroscopic and microscopic methods to recognise the morphology and structure of human body tissues, organs and systems.
    • CES7:Use macroscopic and microscopic methods to understand and describe the structures making up the visual system and the ocular annexes.
    • CES8:Understand the different microorganisms involved in illnesses of the visual system.
    • CES9:Determine the function of the apparatus and systems of the human body.
    • CES10:Understand the principles and foundations of the biological processes involved in the normal working of the visual system.
    • CES11:Demonstrate a basic understanding of geometry and mathematical analysis.
    • CES12:Apply the general methods of Statistics to Optometry and the Sciences of vision.
    • CES13:Understand the process of the formation of images and properties of optical systems.
    • CES14:Recognise the eye as an optical system.
    • CES15:Understand the basic models of vision.
    • CES16:Understand the structure of matter, the chemical processes of dissolving and the structure, properties and reactivity of compounds.
    • CES17:Understand the form and structure of the molecules that make up living beings.
    • CES18:Understand the transformations of molecules into others.
    • CES19:Study the molecular bases of the storage and expression of biological information.
    • CES20:Apply biochemical knowledge to the eye and the process of vision.
    • CES21:Understand and manage basic laboratory material and techniques.
    • CES22:Understand the psychological factors of the relationship between the optician optometrist and the patient.

    Module 2: optics competences

    • CES23:Understand the propagation of light in isotropic media, light-material interaction, light interferences, diffraction phenomena, the properties of single and multi-layer surfaces and the principles of lasers and their applications
    • CES24:Understand the principles, description and characteristics of the basic optical instruments, as well as of the instruments used in the practice of ophthalmology and optometrics.
    • CES25:Understand and calculate the most important geometric, optical and physical parameters that characterise all kinds of ophthalmic lenses used in optometric prescriptions and know how to relate them with the properties involved in the adaptation process.
    • CES26:Understand the physical and chemical properties of the materials used in optics and optometry.
    • CES27:Understand lens selection, manufacture and design processes.
    • CES28:Be able to master the techniques of centring, adaptation, mounting and adaptation of all kinds of lenses, of optical prescriptions, visual assistance and protective glasses.
    • CES29:Understand and manage the techniques for the analysis, measurement, correction and control of the effects of compensating optical systems on the visual system, in order to optimise their design and adaptation.
    • CES30:Capacity to calculate the geometric parameters of specific visual compensation systems: low vision, intraocular lenses, contact lenses and ophthalmic lenses.
    • CES31:Understand the aberrations of optical systems.
    • CES32:Understand the fundamentals and laws of radiometrics and photometrics.
    • CES33:Understand ocular models and parameters.
    • CES34:Understand the factors that limit retinal image quality.
    • CES35:Understand the spatial and temporal aspects of vision.
    • CES36:Be able to carry out psychophysical tests to determine visual perception levels.
    • CES37:Understand the Spanish health care system and the basic aspects related to health service management, basically those associated with health care and rehabilitation.
    • CES38:Acquire the ability to work in teams as multidisciplinary and unidisciplinary units made up of visual health professionals and other personnel.
    • CES39:Acquire the ability to carry out the profession respecting the autonomy of the patients, their beliefs and culture, as well as their determining genetic, demographic and socioeconomic factors, applying the principles of social justice and understanding the ethical implications in the context of a world in change.

    Module 3: vision system pathology competences

    • CES40:Understand the properties and functions of the different elements making up the visual system.
    • CES41:Recognise the different kinds of physiopathological mechanisms and processes that trigger ocular illnesses.
    • CES42:Understand the symptoms of visual illnesses and recognise the signs associated with them. Recognise the alterations that modify normal working and trigger pathological processes that affect vision.
    • CES43:Understand the procedures and indications of different clinical methods and complementary diagnostic techniques.
    • CES44:Understand the general methods of presenting and administering medicines.
    • CES45:Understand the general principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
    • CES46:Understand the pharmacological actions, collateral effects and interactions of medicines.
    • CES47:Understand topical ocular preparations, paying special attention to the use of medicines that facilitate visual examination and optometrics.
    • CES48:Understand the most common adverse systemic effects after application of common topical ocular medicines.
    • CES49:Detect and evaluate the main ophthalmological disorders to refer patients to the ophthalmologist for study and treatment.
    • CES50:Understand the manifestations of systemic illnesses at ocular level.
    • CES51:Understand the epidemiological models of the main visual pathologies.
    • CES52:Understand and apply health education techniques to the main generic ocular health problems. Understand the principles of sickness and health.
    • CES53:Understand the manifestations of the pathological processes and mechanisms involved in producing the main human illnesses.

    Module 4: optometry competences

    • CES54:Develop communication, data recording and clinical history preparation skills.
    • CES55:Acquire the ability to interpret and exercise clinical judgement on the results of the visual tests to establish the diagnosis and most appropriate treatment.
    • CES56:Acquire instrument test skills for evaluating visual functions and ocular health.
    • CES57:Know how to carry out a complete anamnesis test.
    • CES58:Capacity to measure, interpret and treat refractive defects.
    • CES59:Understand the sensorial and oculomotor mechanisms of binocular vision.
    • CES60:Understand the principles of and be able to measure, interpret and treat accommodative anomalies of binocular vision.
    • CES61:Ability to prescribe, control and monitor optical corrections.
    • CES62:Design, apply and monitor visual therapy programmes.
    • CES63:Understand current ocular surgery techniques and be able to carry out the ocular tests included in pre- and post-operative examinations.
    • CES64:Understand, apply and interpret the instrument-based tests related to visual health problems.
    • CES65:Understand and apply optical and non-optical assistance for low vision.
    • CES66:Understand the properties of contact lenses and ocular prostheses.
    • CES67:Understand the geometry and physicochemical properties of contact lenses and associate them with specific ocular and refractive peculiarities.
    • CES68:Understand and use clinical and instrumental protocols in explorations associated with the adaptation of contact lenses.
    • CES69:Understand the solutions used for maintenance, diagnosis and treatment and associate them with lenticular and ocular characteristics.
    • CES70:Apply the clinical procedures associated with the adaptation of contact lenses for different refractive and ocular dysfunctions.
    • CES71:Apply controlled corneal topography modification techniques using contact lenses.
    • CES72:Detect, assess and solve anomalies associated with wearing contact lenses.
    • CES73:Adapt contact lenses and ocular prostheses to improve vision and the external appearance of the eye.
    • CES74:Understand the function of the retina as a receptor of radiant energy.
    • CES75:Understand the basic models of colour, shape and movement vision.
    • CES76:Understand the modifications in perceptive processes associated with aging.
    • CES77:Be able to measure and interpret psychophysical data obtained from evaluation of visual perception.
    • CES78:Acquire the clinical skills needed to examine and treat patients.
    • CES79:Acquire the ability to examine, diagnose and treat visual anomalies, placing special emphasis of differential diagnosis.
    • CES80:Understand the nature and organisation of the different kinds of clinical care.
    • CES81:Understand the different protocols applied to patients.
    • CES82:Understand and apply visual screening techniques applied to different populations.
    • CES83:Understand and apply the new technologies in the field of clinical optometry.
    • CES84:Understand the legal and psychosocial aspects of the profession.
    • CES85:Capacity to act as a primary visual care agent.
    • CES86:Understand the legal and psychosocial aspects of the profession.
    • CES87:Understand the foundations and techniques of health care education and the main generic health care programmes to which optometrists should contribute from their field of activity.
    • CES88:Identify and analyse the environmental and work risks that can cause visual problems.

    Module 5: final project and work experience competences

    • CES89:Apply the knowledge acquired in the previous modules in Opticians, Clinics, Hospitals and Companies in the sector.
    • CES90:Carry out clinical activities related to refraction, visual examination, adaptation of contact lenses, visual training and low vision.
    • CES91:Apply the technique for fitting visual corrections and compensations to glasses and the possible fine-tuning of contact lenses.
    • CES92:Make contact with the commercialisation of products, their supply, storage, conservation and information.
    • CES93:Understand and apply the techniques for manufacturing visual aids and optical and optometric instruments.
    • CES94:Understand the different protocols for patient-related action.
    • CES95:Understand the indications and procedure for carrying out and interpreting the complementary tests needed for vision consultations.
    • CES96:Carry out the patient care protocol in the optometric clinic/surgery.
    • CES97:Write a medical history adapted to the profile of the patient.
    • CES98:Select and apply all the skills, abilities and competences acquired in Optometry correctly in all cases.
    • CES99:Promote collaboration with other health care professionals.
    • CES100:Inform the patient of all acts and tests that are to be carried out and explain the results and their diagnosis clearly.

 

ESTRUCTURA POR CRÉDITOS

 

El Grado en Óptica y Optometría se organiza en asignaturas semestrales de 6 créditos europeos ECTS cada una. En concreto, los estudiantes deberán cursar en cada semestre 5 asignaturas para completar 30 créditos alcanzando, de este modo, los 60 créditos por curso académico y un total de 240 créditos en cuatro cursos académicos.

 

Para facilitar la posibilidad de compatibilizar los estudios con otras actividades se establece la posibilidad de que el alumnado pueda ser estudiante a tiempo parcial, cursando 30 ECTS por curso académico.

 

DISTRIBUCIÓN DE CRÉDITOS POR TIPO DE MATERIA

 

Tipo de materia

Créditos

Formación básica

60

Obligatorias

138

Optativas

18

Prácticas externas obligatorias

18

Trabajo Fin de Grado

6

Créditos totales

240

 

EXPLICACIÓN GENERAL DEL PLAN DE ESTUDIO

 

Los 240 créditos del plan de estudios incluyen toda la formación teórica y práctica que el estudiante debe adquirir, de acuerdo con la distribución de materias básicas, obligatorias, optativas y trabajo de fin de grado.

En esta estructura se opta por un tronco unitario de competencias (conocimientos y habilidades) consideradas básicas para el ejercicio profesional.

Este esquema conlleva necesariamente una tasa de optatividad baja. Asimismo, al trabajo Fin de Grado se le asigna el número de créditos mínimo reconocido por la legislación vigente (6 ECTS cada uno; Real Decreto de 26 de octubre de 2007 por el que se establece la ordenación de las Enseñanzas Universitarias Oficiales).

Por contra, a las Prácticas Externas se le asignan un alto valor (18 ECTS), dada la importancia de la práctica en esta titulación, por lo que supone de contacto entre el alumno y la realidad del mundo laboral.

En cuanto a la optatividad, se oferta un abanico de asignaturas de formación más específica. El título se organiza en módulos y Materias, asociando a cada una de estas últimas el logro de una serie de competencias. Las competencias a adquirir se recogen dentro de cinco grandes módulos denominados respectivamente como:

  • Módulo de Formación Básica
  • Módulo de Óptica
  • Módulo de Optometría
  • Módulo de Patología del sistema visual
  • Módulo de Prácticas tuteladas y Trabajo fin de grado

A su vez, en una clasificación mas detallada, el bloque de Óptica puede subdividirse en tres materias: Óptica, Visión y Óptica Oftálmica, y por otra parte propone para el bloque de Optometría la denominación alternativa de “Optometría y Contactología”.

Previamente a la matrícula del trabajo de fin de grado, el estudiante debe acreditar las competencias en un idioma extranjero. Entre otras formas de acreditación, en la Universidad de Alicante se considera necesario superar como mínimo, el nivel B1 del Marco de Referencia Europeo para las lenguas modernas, que podrá ser elevado en el futuro.


LANGUAGE REQUIREMENT (IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE)

Students who study an undergraduate degree at the University of Alicante must confirm a minimum level of B1 in a foreign language (a B2 is recommended) in order to obtain the diploma.  

The required language level is in accordance with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. 

The language accreditation requirement can be obtained previously or at any time during university studies. However, the language requirement will be necessary in order to be able to assess the final year project.

The different forms of obtaining such language requirement can be consulted in the additional information in this section.  

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LANGUAGE TEACHING COMPETENCE CERTIFICATE

Students who want to have a career in non-university teaching when they finish their studies are recommended to obtain the teaching competence certificate (Valencian and/or foreign languages).

This certificate can be obtained by taking specific itineraries in your university studies or by taking the UA teaching competence course in Valencian, German, French and English.

+info

FINAL YEAR PROJECT (TFG)

All the official undergraduate degrees must be completed by preparing and defending a final year project, which must be done in the final phase of the studies and be aimed at the assessment of competences associated to the degree.

The final year project must be an original, independent and personal work. The elaboration of it may by individual or coordinated. Each student will prepare this project under the supervision of a tutor, allowing students to show the received training content in an integrated many, as well as the acquired competences associated to the undergraduate degree.

In order to register in the final year project, students must comply with the requirements established in the “Regulations for continuation studies for students registered in undergraduate degrees at the University of Alicante”. Among the requirements established to be able to register in the final year project, a minimum of 168 credits must be passed in undergraduate degrees with a total of 240 credits, and a minimum of 228 credits in undergraduate degrees with a total of 300 credits or more.

In order for the final year project to be assessed, a B1 level of a foreign language (B2 is recommended) must be confirmed.

+info

 

Access routes

Procedure for applying for admission

Recommended applicant profile

Number of places and court notes

 

ACCESS ROUTES

 

Admission to this degree course is open to any applicant who meets one of the following entrance requirements:

1. HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA AND UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION (Selection Examination). Although admission will be granted for all high school diploma disciplinary routes, it is recommended that applicants have studied the following disciplinary routes: Science and Technology.

Applicants’ admission grades for this course can be improved by taking the corresponding specific subject paper in the university entrance examination.  Papers for specific subjects with their corresponding weightings can be consulted in the table below.

 

High School Diploma Subjects

Parámetros de ponderación
Análisis Musical II Biología Ciencias de la Tierra y Medioambientales Dibujo Artístico II Dibujo Técnico II Diseño Economía de la Empresa Electrotecnia Física Geografía Griego Historia de la Música y de la Danza  Historia del Arte Latín Lenguaje y Práctica Musical Literatura Universal Matemáticas Aplicadas a las Ciencias Sociales II Matemáticas II Química Técnicas de Expresión Gráfico Plásticas Tecnología Industrial II

Academic Years

2010-11

2011-12

0.1                                          
0.2
x
x

x     x
x
                x
x
   x

Academic Years

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

0.1

x


     
               

   
0.2    x
     
   x                 x
 x    

 

 2. PREVIOUS HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA OR EQUIVALENT QUALIFICATIONS FROM PREVIOUS EDUCATIONAL STRUCTURES WITH OR WITHOUT UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION: 

Applicants who have passed the previous entrance examination, or applicants who have not passed the previous entrance examination but hold one of the following qualifications: LOGSE high school diploma, COU, Pre-university course certificate, or any other qualification equivalent to the high school diploma, may take the new entrance examination.

Applicants who have passed the previous entrance examination may take a specific subject paper in order to improve their admission grade, but must still take the general examination.  Applicants who have not passed the entrance examination must take the general examination and may, if they wish, take the specific subject paper in order to improve their admission grade.

For specific subjects, the weightings indicated in the previous section must be taken into account.

3. VOCATIONAL TRAINING: Qualifications in Advanced Vocational Training, Advanced Technician in Plastic Arts and Design or Advanced Technician in Sports: admission is granted for any vocational area.  

Applicants’ admission grades for this course can be improved by taking the corresponding specific subject paper in the university entrance examination.  Papers for specific subjects with their corresponding weightings can be consulted in the table 1.

4. STUDENTS FROM EUROPEAN UNION EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS OR OTHER STATES WITH WHICH SPAIN HAS A RELEVANT INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT.  AN ACCESS CERTIFICATE IS REQUIRED, issued by the UNED (Spanish National University for Distance Education). Applicants may take the specific subject paper in order to improve their admission grade.  They may also take the complete university entrance examination.

5. STUDENTS FROM FOREIGN EDUCATION SYSTEMS, FOLLOWING APPLICATION FOR HOMOLOGATION OF THEIR ORIGINAL HIGH SHCHOOL DIPLOMA WITH THE SPANISH HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA, AND SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF THE UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION ORGANISED BY THE UNED.

6. ADMISSION FOR APPLICANTS OVER 25 YEARS OF AGE Specific university entrance examination.  From the total places offered, a minimum of 2% are reserved.  Preference is given to Health Sciences. + info

7. ADMISSION FOR APPLICANTS OVER 40 YEARS OF AGE who do not hold academic qualifications but have accredited work and professional experience in accordance with accreditation criteria and the work and professional experience concerned.  An interview will be held.  A series of places are reserved for applicants over 40  years of age, of between 1% and 3% of the total places offered.  +info

8. ADMISSION FOR APPLICANTS OVER 45 YEARS OF AGE. Specific university entrance examination.  This access route is open to applicants who do not hold a qualification which would qualify them for admission by another route, and who cannot accredit work and professional experience.  A series of places are reserved for applicants over 45 years of age, of between 1% and 3% of the total places offered. + info

9. UNIVERSITY DEGREES OR EQUIVALENT. 3% of the total places offered are reserved.


PROCEDURE FOR APPLYING FOR ADMISSION: PRE-ENROLMENT AND REGISTRATION

  • Anticipated number of places offered during the first pre-enrolment session: 70 
  • In order to apply for a place, the procedure and pre-enrolment periods established each year must be observed.  It is normally necessary to pre-enrol, and two pre-enrolment periods are established for this.  The first period, or phase A is held in mid-June and the second, or phase B, is held in mid-September.  During the second period, places may only be applied for on courses which have not been filled following phase A.  Places are awarded on the basis of the preferences, criteria and reserve quotas established by current legislation. Information concerning the application procedure  (Pre-enrolment).
  • Applicants admitted to a course must formally register within the timescale established annually in the enrolment calendar (usually at the end of July and the end of September). Registration Information.


RECOMMENDED APPLICANT PROFILE

 

Among the qualities the future Optics and Optometry  student should possess, the following are of especial relevance:

  • Capacity for work (perseverance, method and rigour).
  • Capacity for reasoning and critical analysis.
  • Scientific spirit.
  • Capacity to obtain, interpret and apply knowledge.
  • Problem-solving skills.
  • Capacity for synthesis and abstraction.
  • Recommended complementary education: English and user-level computing skills.

 

NUMBER OF PLACES AND COURT NOTES

 

COURSES

NUMBER OF PLACES

COURT NOTES

GENERAL

OVER

  25

OVER

  40

OVER

 45

GRADUATES

SPORTPEOPLE

DISABLED

2010-11

70

8,010

8,175

---

---

7,300

---

---

2011-12

70

7,689

7,323

---

---

7,540

---

---

2012-13

70

7,874

6,923

---

7,900

---

---

---

2013-14

70

6,423

6,075

---

---

6,380

---

---

2014-15

70

6,952

5,000

---

---

7,120

---

---

2015-16

70

7,706

6,120

---

5,700

6,340

---

---

2016-17

70

8,070

5,690

---

---

7,110

---

---

 

  • "Court notes" indicated correspond to the results of the first adjudication of June.
  • The definitive notes can be inferior to the here collected.



 

 

 

PROFESSIONAL PROFILE

 

Optician/Optometrist. The graduate is qualified to practice as an Optician/Optometrist, regulated in Spain according to the Law 44/2003 Governing Health Care Professionals of 21st November (LOPS; BOE 280 of 22nd November 2003).

 

The Optician/Optometrist profession is fundamentally related to health care. Thus, the Optician/Optometrist must be capable of undertaking duties which benefit the visual health and wellbeing of people, including the prevention of diseases in the ocular system and the exchange of information with other professionals in the healthcare sector. However, in addition to these fundamental aspects, the profession also includes experimental aspects. Therefore, the degree course necessarily contains a high proportion of health-related subjects, enabling the graduate to attend to patients in areas such as primary visual health care, visual rehabilitation and the production of contact lenses, but also a high percentage of experimental subjects, enabling the graduate to acquire the necessary skills to operate optical instrumentation, to assemble and control ophthalmic lenses and frames, and to handle and assemble visual aids.

 

Professional profiles of the Degree Course

In addition to its nation-wide recognition as a health care profession under the General Health Care Act (44/2003), optical clinics are considered healthcare establishments under Spanish Law 1277/2003 of 10th October, which establishes general guidelines for the licensing of centres, services and healthcare establishments. In these clinics, the Optician/Optometrist undertakes the following duties:

1 To evaluate sight capabilities through appropriate optometric tests. In general, these include detection of refraction dysfunctions, correction and/or coordination of binocular vision, and early detection of visual pathologies for referral to ophthalmology.

2 To improve visual performance according to the requirements of the individual, through physical means such as optical aids, visual health education and safety, and techniques in visual ergonomics, etc.

3 To carry out visual health promotion among the general population

4 The preparation, assembly, fitting, supply, verification and control of adequate means for ensuring the safety, protection, compensation and improvement of vision.

5 The fitting, assembly and testing of aids for limited vision.

6 The visual rehabilitation for those with limited vision.

7 The fitting of ocular prostheses.

All primary eye health care duties, assembly and testing of aids and ocular prostheses and visual rehabilitation, etc., carried out in optical clinics and optician departments in pharmacies, are conducted under the direction and control of a licensed optician/optometrist who acts as the establishment’s Technical Director. Thus, the latter’s presence is required at all times and with no exceptions, irrespective of the assistance with his/her responsibilities which may be provided by the assistants or auxiliaries he/she considers appropriate.

In recent years a new career opportunity has emerged in private and public Ophthalmology clinics. Thus, the training provided by the current degree in optics and optometry is highly valued by doctors specialising in ophthalmology. The role of the opticians/optometrists during consultations is to detect visual dysfunction, operate optical measurement and clinical diagnosis instruments and interpret the results of the same, fit contact lenses, supply provide information and advice on optical aids available and perform all tests before and after various surgical procedures, primarily refractive and cataract surgery. 


The responsibilities of an Optician/Optometrist:

- Contribute to the maintenance and improvement of the general population’s visual quality and health.

- Perform efficient visual examinations at each of the following stages: taking the medical history, selection and execution of diagnostic tests, establishing prognosis, choice and implementation of treatment, and preparation, where appropriate, of referral reports.

- Advise and guide the patient and family throughout treatment.

- Refer patients to other professionals with the corresponding report detailing the levels of care required to ensure the best possible care for the patient.

- Critically reflect on clinical, scientific, ethical and social questions encountered in day-to-day Optometry practice.

- Give opinions, reports and expert appraisal when necessary.

- Evaluate and incorporate those technological improvements necessary for satisfactory  professional practice.

- Participate in the planning and management of a service or small business in the field of Optics/Optometry.

- Plan and carry out research projects that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field of Optometry, transmitting scientific knowledge through professional channels.

- Expand and improve professional practice skills through continuous training.

- Transmit the basic Optometry knowledge acquired intelligibly.

- Contextualise new information and resulting interpretations.

- Demonstrate an understanding of the general structure of the discipline of Optometry and its connection to other specific or complementary disciplines.

- Demonstrate and implement methods of critical analysis, development of theories and their application to the disciplinary field of Optometry.

- Demonstrate possession of knowledge, skills and abilities in patient health care.

- Demonstrate the capacity to act as a primary eye health care practitioner.

- Demonstrate the ability to participate effectively in multidisciplinary teams in projects related to Optometry.

 

The specific skills can be organised according to theoretical knowledge and practical skills acquired, as shown below:


A. Theoretical knowledge:

B. Practical skills:

1) Anatomy of the Ocular System.

2) Refractive and presbyopia abnormalities.

3) Accommodative and binocular vision abnormalities.

4) Sensory and ocular alignment abnormalities.

5) Limited sight and visual rehabilitation.

6) Biochemistry of the ocular system.

7) Clinical optometry.

8) Professional legal, labour, ethical and management context.

9) Epidemiology and visual health.

10) Visual Ergonomics.

11) Pharmacology of the Ocular System.

12) Physiology of the Ocular System.

13) Optometric Instruments.

14) Contact lenses.

15) Ophthalmic lenses and their assembly.

16) Optical Materials.

17) Scientific Methodology and statistics.

18) Neurophysiology of vision.

19) Optical Physics.

20) Optical Physiology.

21) Geometrical Optics.

22) Geriatric Optometry.

23) Paediatric Optometry.

24) Pathology of the Ocular System.

25) Visual Therapy.


1) Collecting data for the compilation of medical histories.

2) Explanation of diagnosis and optical compensation or other therapeutic treatment requirements.

3) Preparation of reports and communication with other professionals in the joint care of patients.

4) Ability to adapt the examination sequence to individual patient needs.

5) Ability to observe and relate visual and ocular signs and symptoms.

6) Carry out and relate instrumental tests in each clinical case.

7) Ability to diagnose and recommend treatment and/or adequate compensatory measures.

8) Proficiency in contact lens fitting procedures.

9) Ability to carry out visual education programmes and evaluate improvements to visual capabilities.

10) Ability to study, prescribe and educate patients with limited vision.
11) Ability to study and propose ergonomic improvements to the patient/user’s visual.

12) Ability to contribute to the prevention of ocular and visual anomalies.

13) Ability to detect ocular and visual anomalies.

14) Ability to assess the causes of intolerance or failure of prescriptions or treatments.

15) Operation of instruments used to observe ocular and visual signs.

16) Operation of instruments used to measure ocular and visual parameters.

17) Ability to interpret and relate instrumental data with other clinical data.

18) Ability to interpret visual and ocular instrumental data associated with surgical procedures.

19) Operation of instruments for the production, assembly, fitting and control of optical aids.

20) Proficiency in the design and manufacture ophthalmic lenses.

21) Ability to participate in research programmes.

22) Ability to participate in educational programmes.

23) Ability to carry out epidemiological studies.

 

IMPLEMENTATION


TIMESCALE

Academic Year

Implementation of the new Degree in Optics and Optometry

Phasing out of the Diploma in Optics and Optometry (*)

 

  2010-2011  

1st Year

   2010-2011    

  2011-2012  

2nd Year

   2011-2012 

  2012-2013   

3rd Year

   2012-2013 

  2013-2014  

4th Year



(*) Although this course is no longer being taught, students are entitled to sit two annual examinations for the corresponding year, in the two academic years following the implementation of the new degree course.

 

CREDIT EQUIVALENCE BETWEEN THE PRESENT COURSE AND THE NEW DEGREE IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY

Students who have completed the first course of Diploma in Optometry will be recognized first degree courses, addition to subjects allocated to them on the other courses by applying the table adaptation described below:

2000 PROGRAMME

CREDIT

2010 PROGRAMME

ECTS

ANATOMY AND OCULAR HISTOLOGY OF THE VISUAL  SYSTEM

4,5

ANATOMY OF THE HUMAN VISUAL SYSTEM (HVS)

6

GENERAL BIOLOGY

4,5

BIOLOGY

6

PHYSICS

9

PHYSICS

6

MATHEMATICS

9

MATHEMATICS

6

FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY

7,5

CHEMISTRY

6

-----------------------------------------


BIOCHEMISTRY

6

GEOMETRICAL OPTICS

10,5

GEOMETRICAL OPTICS

6

OPTOMETRY I

13,5

FUNDAMENTALS OF OPTOMETRY

6

OCULAR PHYSIOLOGY

4,5

PHYSIOLOGY OF THE HVS

6

STATISTICS FOR OPTICS

6

STATISTICS

6

PRINCIPLES OF PATHOLOGY AND OCULAR PHARMACOLOGY

7,5

PATHOLOGY OF THE  HVS

6

PHARMACOLOGY

6

PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS I

7,5

VISUAL OPTICS I

6

OPTOMETRY I

13,5

OPTOMETRY I

6

GEOMETRICAL + INSTRUMENTAL OPTICS

10,5

10,5

OPTICAL SYSTEMS

6

OPTICAL MATERIALS

6

OPTICAL MATERIALS

6

OPTICAL PHYSICS

9

OPTICAL PHYSICS I

6

OPTOMETRY II

12

OPTOMETRY II

6

INSTRUMENTAL OPTICS

10,5

INSTRUMENTAL OPTICS

6

PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS II

4,5

VISUAL OPTICS II

6

OPTICAL PHYSICS

9

OPTICAL PHYSICS II

6

OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY I

15

OPHTHALMIC OPTICS I

6

CONTACTOLOGY

12

CONTACTOLOGY I

6

OPTOMETRY II

12

OPTOMETRY III

6

PRINCIPLES OF PATHOLOGY AND OCULAR PHARMACOLOGY +  PUBLIC HEALTH IN OCULAR SCIENCES

13,5

CLINICAL OCULAR  PATHOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH

6

OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY I

15

OPHTHALMIC OPTICS II

6

CONTACTOLOGY

12

CONTACTOLOGY II

6

OPTOMETRY II

12

OPTOMETRY IV

6

PAEDIATRIC AND GERIATRIC OPTOMETRY

6

OPTOMETRY : SPECIFIC POPULATIN GROUPS

6

PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS III

4.5

PSYCHOPHYSICS AND VISUAL PERCEPTION

6

OPTICAL TECHOLOGY I + OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY II

19,5

OPHTHALMIC OPTICS III

9

CLINICAL OPTOMETRY + CLINICAL  CONTACTOLOGY

15

4,5

OPTOMETRY AND CLINICAL CONTACTOLOGY

9

 

Correspondence between degree courses in the Faculty of Sciences at the UA: 

The Faculty of Sciences at the University of Alicante has proposed five degree courses in the area of the Sciences (Biology, Marine Sciences, Geology, Chemistry and Mathematics) and one degree course in the area of Health Sciences (Optics and Optometry). With the aim of enabling mobility between courses at the end of the first year, it has been agreed that recognition will be given to the credits obtained in their first year of study by students taking other degree courses offered by the Faculty of Sciences and who then choose to enrol on the Optics and Optometry degree. This may mean that in the second year of the Degree, some students lack a basic foundation, which could hinder the progress of their studies. In these cases, tutorial help will be offered to students in order to remedy this lack and provide guidance in certain fundamental areas.

 

BRIDGING COURSE FOR HOLDERS OF THE DIPLOMA IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY WHO WISH TO OBTAIN THE DEGREE IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY

 


Rationale

In view of the document issued by the State Secretariat of Universities dated 20th November, 2009 and entitled “Report on access to officially recognised Degrees for holders of diplomas, architectural technician and engineering qualifications corresponding to the previous Ordinance”, establishing guidelines for the provision of bridging courses, the University of Alicante has deemed it appropriate to offer a bridging course for holders of the Diploma in Optics and Optometry.
Therefore, concurrently with the implementation of the Degree course, the University of Alicante will offer bridging courses in 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2012-13 with the aim of enabling holders of the Diploma in Optics or the Diploma in Optics and Optometry to obtain a Degree.  Duration of the course will be one academic year, and places will be limited to 60 per year.

 

Entry and admission of students

Student entry requirements are as follows: to hold a “Diploma in Optics” or a “Diploma in Optics and Optometry”.  Students holding a Diploma in Optics or in Optics and Optometry from other universities and who wish to obtain a Degree in Optics and Optometry from the University of Alicante will be required to take the subjects indicated by the Centre’s Commission for Recognition and Transfer of Credits, determined according to the subjects studied previously for the Diploma. Where students would need to study subjects which are not included in the bridging course , these Diploma holders will not be admitted to the course. 

Admission will be decided according to the following selection criteria:

  • Academic record: up to 40%
  • Diploma in Optics or in Optics and Optometry awarded by the University of Alicante: 30%
  • Enrolled on or holder of the Master’s Degree in Advanced Optometry and Vision Sciences at the University of Alicante 30%

Course Programme

Course content has been determined in accordance with Royal Decree 1393/2007, and Order CIN/727/2009, which regulate the profession and the list of credit equivalences given in chapter 10 of the report on the Degree in Optics and Optometry at the University of Alicante.  Accordingly, the following general considerations are proposed:
1.- The new programme will incorporate a compulsory subject, “Work experience” (18 credits), whereas in the 2000 programme, work experience was optional and of limited duration, worth 4, 5 and 9 credits.
2.- The Royal Decree establishes the obligatory nature of a Final Project; consequently,  in the new programme the Final Project will be a compulsory subject, worth 6 ECTS credits.
3.- In accordance with Order CIN/727/2009, two new subjects will be incorporated into the Degree course: Public Health and the Spanish Health System .

Therefore, a bridging course worth 36 ECTS credits is proposed, with the following structure:

  • CLINICAL OCULAR PATHOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH 6 ECTS
  • OPTOMETRY: SPECIAL POPULATIONS 6 ECTS
  • WORK EXPERIENCE 18 ECTS
  • FINAL PROJECT 6 ECTS

Teaching content of the above-mentioned subjects will be the same as that described in the corresponding documents concerning modules and subjects taught on the new Degree course.  As regards the timetable, a structure is proposed which will spread the teaching load over two semesters.  The Final Project will be undertaken in the second semester, whilst work experience may be undertaken in two modules of nine credits each, offered in both semesters.  With this structure, all students will study 36 credits but credit distribution over the course may vary for each student, from 15 to 24 credits in the first semester and from 21 to 30 credits in the second.

Bridging course timetable.

SUBJECT

Semester 1

Semester 2

Academic Year

Optometry: special populations

 

6 ECTS

10/11, 11/12, 12/13

Clinical ocular pathology and Public Health

6 ECTS

 

10/11, 11/12, 12/13

Work experience

9/18 ECTS

9/18 ECTS

10/11, 11/12, 12/13

Final Project

 

6 ECTS

10/11, 11/12, 12/13

 

Implementation timescale

It is envisaged that implementation of the bridging course enabling diploma holders to obtain a Degree in Optics and Optometry will begin in the academic year 2011-2012, and will be offered until academic year 2012-2013.

 

DEGREE IN OPTICS AND OPTOMETRY. SYLLABUS SUMMARY

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